Benign tumors of the nasal cavity is an uncommon disease and very diverse about histological variety. Theses tumors are seen at any age without specificity in semiological aspect. The diagnostic approach is based on nasal endoscopy, imaging (CT-MRI) and biopsy What are Benign Sinonasal Tumors? Benign sinonasal tumors are non-cancerous growths inside the nasal or sinus passages. These tumors tend to grow slowly and do not spread to other parts of the body Nasal and paranasal tumors are abnormal growths that begin in and around the passageway within your nose (nasal cavity). Nasal tumors begin in the nasal cavity. Paranasal tumors begin in air-filled chambers around the nose called the paranasal sinuses. Nasal and paranasal tumors can be noncancerous (benign) or they can be cancerous (malignant)
Nasal and sinus tumors are benign or cancerous tumors that occur in the nose or sinuses. Cancerous nasal cavity or sinus tumors are rare, with only about 2,000 being diagnosed in the United States each year. Sixty to 70 percent of these types of tumors occur in the maxillary sinus in the cheek, while 20 to 30 percent are in the nasal cavity and. There are other growths which are benign and do not trigger cancer per se. However, these too can be dangerous when neglected. Alternatively, viral infections can lead to nasal cancer in about 10% of cases. So, these are usually benign A non-cancerous, or benign, tumour of the nasal cavity or paranasal sinuses is a growth that does not spread (metastasize) to other parts of the body. Non-cancerous tumours are not usually life-threatening. They are typically removed with surgery and tend to come back (or recur) as often as cancerous tumours Tests and procedures used to diagnose nasal and paranasal tumors include: Using an endoscopic camera to see inside your nasal cavity and sinuses. During a nasal endoscopy, a thin tube with a light and camera on the end is inserted into your nose. The camera sends pictures to a monitor that your doctor uses to look for anything unusual Sinus and nasal cavity tumors mainly are benign and incapable of spreading to another part of the body. These tumors may occur on either side of the nose and are usually slow growing. Malignant sinus tumors are rare. Squamous cell carcinoma is the most common type of cancer found in the paranasal sinuses and nasal cavity
Benign nasal tumors include adenoma (19% of epithelial tumors in cats), basal cell tumor, fibroma, and neurofibroma; Nasal vestibule is the most common site for feline nasal SCC, malignant melanoma, and basal cell tumor • Unilateral nasal obstruction is the most common symptom in patients with either benign or malignant tumors of the sinonasal tract. Therefore, any patient with this complaint should be assessed with endoscopy, imaging studies, and, if required, histologic examination to establish an accurate diagnosis Purpose: The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship of apparent diffusion coefficients (ADCs) to the malignant degree and the histopathological features of the lesions in the nasal cavity, the paranasal sinuses, and the adjacent skull base. Method: We evaluated the differences of the ADCs between the malignancies (n=18) and the benign lesions (n=6)
The most common tumor originating in the nasal cavity in dogs is adenocarcinoma, while lymphoma is the most common nasal tumor in cats. Animals usually present to their veterinarian for difficulty breathing through the nose, noisy breathing, mucoid/bloody nasal discharge, sneezing, or facial swelling Paranasal Sinus Tumors. A paranasal sinus tumor is a cancer that has grown inside your sinuses, the open spaces behind your nose. This tumor can begin in the cells of the membranes, bones, or nerves that line the area. You might not know or even suspect that a tumor is growing until it spreads. The sooner you get a diagnosis and start treatment. When many people hear the word polyps, they quickly think of cancer. After all, polyps in the colon can sometimes turn into colon cancer. However, it's important to remember that nasal polyps are typically harmless and benign (non-cancerous). So how do doctors tell the difference between nasal polyps and nasal tumors Sinus Tumors. Introduction. A tumor is a mass or growth. Tumors of the nose and paranasal sinuses are rare. They represent less than 1% of all tumors. These lesions can be either benign (non-cancerous) or malignant (cancerous). They vary in location, size and type
Benign tumours. Nasal polyps. Inverted papilloma: A one sided warty, slow-growing tumour that can be similar to a nasal polyp with a nasal blockage. Haemangioma: A collection of blood vessels that usually brings nosebleeds and nasal blockage. Osteoma: A bony, smooth non-tender swelling. Angiofibroma: A collection of fibrous tissue and blood vessels that appear on one side with nasal. A sinonasal tumor is a growth in the nose (nasal cavity), the space behind the nose (nasopharynx), or the sinuses around the nose. These rare tumors can be benign (not cancer) or malignant (cancer)
. While some tumors are malignant and develop as a result of cancer, others are benign and pose little immediate threat to your pet's livelihood Nasal tumors in dogs make up about 1%, or 1 in a 100, of all cancers seen in dogs. As for which dogs are most at risk, it seems to be longer nose dogs that are also living in towns and cities, so those living in urban areas, that are at a higher risk of developing nasal cancer. Tumor type. The most common tumor type in dogs is something called. foreign body in the throat, difficulty breathing and nasal nasal tone of voice. In benign tumors of the throat may cause catarrhal symptoms: redness and some swelling palatine arches and the posterior pharyngeal wall. The clinical picture of benign throat tumor has its own characteristics, depending on the type of neoplasm Nasal tumors, regardless of histologic type, are characterized by locally invasive growth. Metastatic rate is low at diagnosis but reported in up to 50% of dogs at necropsy. Metastatic sites include lymph nodes and lungs ± bone reported in 2 dogs. Benign nasal tumors include adenoma, basal cell tumor, fibroma, and neurofibroma
Nasal adenocarcinoma: The technical terminology for nose cancer, nasal adenocarcinoma is a type of tumor found in a dog's nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses Nasal discharge is the most common clinical sign of a nasal tumor. The discharge may contain mucous, pus, and blood. Dogs are quick to lick their noses, so close attention to your pet is necessary when you first notice a runny nose. Also, check their bedding and blankets for nasal discharge There are two important features of benign tumors of the nose and paranasal sinuses: they are rare and they cover a great variety of different tumor entities. Symptoms of tumors of the nose and paranasal sinuses are unspecific in most cases and mimic the clinical picture of inflammatory disorders Types of sinus and nasal tumors. There are four types of sinus tumors: Osteomas are the most common benign sinus tumors. They grow out of bone. Inverted papilloma tumors are sinus tumors that are likely to need surgery. About 5-10 percent of inverted papilloma tumors may contain cancer cells. Hemangiopericytomas form in the blood vessels of the. Osteoma is the most common benign sinonasal neoplasm with an annual incidence of up to 80 per 100,000. 1 Eller and Sillers identified osteomas in up to 3% of routine head computed tomography (CT) scans. 1, 2 Hemangioma represents the most common soft tissue neoplasm, and inverted papilloma, which represents up to 4% of all nasal tumors, is the.
This benign epithelial tumor is common in the anterior and posterior nasal space. The epithelial changes of such a tumor may be inverting at the basal membrane, whence they are termed Schneiderian or inverting papilloma Nasal and sinus tumors can be benign (harmless) or cancerous tumors that occur in the nose or sinuses. Cancerous nasal cavity or sinus tumors are rare, with only about 2,000 being diagnosed in the United States each year, and they vary greatly in location, size and type. Most of these types of tumors (60 to 70 percent) occur in the maxillary. Most nasal tumors are benign and can be surgically resected if needed. Malignant tumors of the nasal cavities and sinuses are rare. In either case, a biopsy will be necessary to determine the pathologic nature of the tumor which will in turn determine the proper treatment Unique (not benign) Mesenchymal Tumors Nasopharyngeal Angiofibroma Richly vascular tumor with variably sized blood vessels set in fibrotic stroma. Vessels are usu. thin-walled and often dilated with variable smooth muscle. Stroma is myxoid to dense with stellate fibroblasts. Almost exclusively young to adolescent boys (Juvenil The metastatic tumor is the same type of cancer as the primary tumor. For example, if nasal cavity cancer spreads to the lung, the cancer cells in the lung are actually nasal cavity cancer cells. The disease is metastatic nasal cavity cancer, not lung cancer
Nasal sinus cancer often affects the hard palate and upper jaw. This leads to tooth loss, the appearance of wounds on the gums. Maxillary sinus cancer also can lead to displacement and loss of eyes, facial deformity. A sinus cyst can be cancerous. The tumor which is the cyst can be cancerous, but bot always Nasal polyps are abnormal growths inside the nasal cavity or paranasal sinuses. Most nasal polyps are benign (not cancer) and are caused by some type of chronic (long-lasting) inflammation in the nose. Using exams and tests, doctors can often tell benign polyps from cancer. But in some cases, polyps need to be closely checked to be sure
Nasal tumors occur in only one or two percent of canine tumor cases, and it's very rare for them to spread to other organs. However, dog nasal tumors are usually malignant, or cancerous. They can grow from the epthelial cells of your dog's nasal lining, or from the cells of your dog's lymph nodes While you should still visit the veterinarian to learn more about the growth, the most common pink growths are non-cancerous. It's important to have these treated as they can still make breathing difficult for your pet. Nasal Polyps Average Cost. From 367 quotes ranging from $500 - $3,500. Average Cost. $2,500 Among benign tumors, congenital nasal masses are common and include gliomas, encephalocoeles, germ cell tumors, teratomas, and dermoid cysts. These benign congenital tumors can be immediately diagnosed at birth based on the clinical and imaging findings. Ancillary tests can be performed to attain the final diagnosis and include blood sampling.
Outcome of treatment for nasal cancer in dogs to date Treatment usually improves clinical signs and QOL, but long-term tumor control or cure is uncommon due to persistent tumor in the nasal cavity Ultimately, most dogs are euthanized due to recurrence of clinical signs which indicates tumor progression Negative prognostic indicators in. Osteoma is a benign, slow-growing osteoblastic lesion and is the most common benign tumor of the sinonasal tract. It is found in 1% of patients undergoing plain sinus radiographs and in 3% of those undergoing CT for sinus symptoms. Osteomas are generally diagnosed between the second and fifth decades of life, with a slight male preponderance Several types of laryngeal tumors can occur in the larynx. At Emory Voice Center, we treat benign laryngeal tumors and malignant laryngeal tumors. Laryngeal papillomatosis is a common benign laryngeal tumor. The human papillomavirus (HPV) causes this condition. Between 60 and 80 percent of all cases of laryngeal papillomatosis occur in children . It also may be referred to as juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma (JNA). The age range for this disease is 7 to 19 years old, with most people being diagnosed between 10 and 19 years old. Juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma is the most. Tumors in pets can be large or small. Your pet may have one or many tumors. Sometimes benign tumors appear to be just a cosmetic issue. However, tumors are an indication that something is not quite right in a pet's system. Other times growths can cause significant difficulty. They may press on nerves, causing pain or discomfort
These benign lesions originate from vascular tissue within the mucosa or bone of the nose and sinuses. Hemangiomas are said to represent 20% of benign nonepithelial tumors of the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses. 84 Mean age at diagnosi Nasopharyngeal angiofibroma, also known as juvenile nasal angiofibroma, is a histologically benign but locally aggressive vascular tumor of the nasopharynx that arises from the superior margin of the sphenopalatine foramen and grows in the back of the nasal cavity. It most commonly affects adolescent males (because it is a hormone-sensitive tumor). Though it is a benign tumor, it is locally. Nasal tumors make up approximately 1% of all cancers seen in dogs. It is thought that long-nosed breed dogs living in urban environments are at higher risk for the development of nasal tumors. Nasal tumors are seen less commonly in cats and are more frequently seen in older animals. What are the signs of About nasal cavity and paranasal sinus cancer. Cancer begins when healthy cells in the body change and grow out of control, forming a mass called a tumor. A tumor can be cancerous or benign. A cancerous tumor is malignant, meaning it can grow and spread to other parts of the body. A benign tumor means the tumor can grow but will not spread Numbness or pain in parts of the face. Loosening or numbness of teeth. A lump or mass on the face, palate (top of the mouth), or inside the nose. Constant watery eyes. Bulging of one eye. Loss or change in vision. Pain or pressure in one of the ears. Hearing loss. Headache
Benign paranasal sinus tumors are noncancerous tumors that develop in the nose and nasal cavity. We treat and manage many complex benign tumor cases including: Inverted papillomas; Head and Neck Osteoma; Juvenile Nasopharyngeal Angiofibroma (JNA) Sinonasal mucoceles ; Sinus Cancer. Malignant paranasal sinus tumors are cancerous tumors that. Juvenile angiofibroma (JAF) is a benign, highly vascular tumor of uncertain etiology with an incidence of 1 in 5000-60,000. 10 JAF occurs in young males, typically between 10 and 25 years of age. 10 If seen in a female, genetic mosaicism should be considered. 11 In addition to unilateral nasal obstruction, patients also present with epistaxis. Pituitary tumors—Tumors in the pituitary gland, which is located in the area behind the nose. They are also typically benign but can cause an increase or decrease in hormone levels. Esthesioneuroblastomas—Tumors found in the upper nasal and sinus cavities. Sinonasal squamous cell carcinomas; Sinonasal adenocarcinomas; Sinonasal mucosal.
Osteomas are benign head tumors made of bone. They're usually found in the head or skull, but they can also be found in the neck. While osteomas are not cancerous, they can sometimes cause headaches, sinus infections, hearing issues or vision problems - however, many benign osteomas don't require treatment at all This topic discusses malignant tumors of epithelial origin arising in the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses. Lymphoreticular malignancies (including natural killer [NK]/T cell lymphoma and plasmacytoma), sarcomas, and benign neoplasms, such as inverted papilloma, are addressed elsewhere
asymptomatic, epithelial tumors of benign character are seldom re- ported. So-called hard papillomas, adenomas and cystadenomas, and rarely aberrant salivary tumors are among the benign epithelial growths of the nasal and paranasal cavities. Osteomas, angiomas, plasmocytomas and a variety of benign and malignant connective-tissu Benign neoplasm of middle ear, nasal cavity and accessory sinuses. 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 Billable/Specific Code. D14.0 is a billable/specific ICD-10-CM code. www.sinuscentro.com.br - Very rare nasal tumor, a recurrence of a renal carcinoma, removed 3 years ago. The renal carcinoma of clear cells is the most freque..
Nasal tumors in pets are not an uncommon diagnosis. These tumors occur with a higher frequency in dogs, particularly in long nose dogs, than they do in people. While we don't know for sure why this occurs, we suspect that it is due to carcinogens that are inhaled getting trapped in the long nose Pediatric Benign Paranasal Sinus Osteoneogenic Tumors: A Case Series and Systematic Review of Outcomes, Techniques, and a Multiportal Approach. Badran KW, Suh JD, Namiri N, Wrobel B, Ference EH Am J Rhinol Allergy 2018 Nov;32(6):465-472
The main type of radiation therapy used to treat nasal cavity and paranasal sinus cancer is external beam radiation therapy. External beam radiation therapy focuses a beam of radiation from a machine outside of the body onto the cancer. These tumors are close to the eyes, brain, glands, nerves, and blood vessels Summary. Nasal papillomas are benign epithelial tumors of the nasal cavity which mainly affect males between 40-60 years of age. The exact etiology is unknown, but human papillomavirus infection, smoking, and chronic sinusitis are predisposing factors for the development of nasal papillomas. There are three types of nasal papillomas. Inverted papilloma is the most common, arises from the. Signs of nasal cavity and paranasal sinus cancer include: Blocked sinuses that do not clear, or sinus pressure. Headaches or pain in the sinus areas. A runny nose. Nosebleeds. A lump or sore inside the nose that does not heal. A lump on the face or roof of the mouth. Numbness or tingling in the face Rather, benign kidney tumors are seen during regular tests or scans, accidentally. Initially, these tumors are not life-threatening. However, they should be taken care of in order no to become malign. Types of Benign Kidney Tumors. The most common type of these tumors is renal adenoma. These are smaller growths which appear due to unknown reasons
Paranasal sinus tumors refer to either malignant (cancerous) or benign (non-cancerous) tumors that are found in this area. These tumors can be further classified into their exact location and the type of cell that comprises this tumor. Both location and cell type can influence the prognosis and type of treatment for the tumor Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC), or nasopharynx cancer, is the most common cancer originating in the nasopharynx, most commonly in the postero-lateral nasopharynx or pharyngeal recess (fossa of Rosenmüller), accounting for 50% of cases.NPC occurs in children and adults. NPC differs significantly from other cancers of the head and neck in its occurrence, causes, clinical behavior, and treatment
In general, squamous cell carcinomas are the most common malignant type of tumor, followed by adenoid cystic carcinoma and adenocarcinoma. Most of the tumors originate from the maxillary sinuses. Less commonly, it stems from the nasal cavity, ethmoid sinuses or even more rarely, from the frontal or sphenoid sinuses Benign tumor of the nose and paranasal sinus in a child- A case report. Muneeruddin Ahmed. INTRODUCTION:Olfactory neuro-blastoma is a rare malignant neoplasm of olfactory neuroepithelial origin, accounting for less than 5% of all the Sino-nasal malignancies. The neoplasm has a bimodal age distribution peaking at age 20 and 50 years respectively nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses is very unusual (6). A recent review of the literature performed by Bielamowicz et al (5) revealed only seven previously reported cases of benign fibrous histiocytoma of the paranasal sinuses or nasal cavity. Only two cases of benign fibrous histiocytoma of the nose or paranasal FIG 1. Newborn infant with. Benign nonmeningeal tumors of the cavernous sinus have largely been dealt with in the literature as part of larger studies looking predominantly at cavernous sinus meningiomas (1, 3, 4, 10, 11, 13, 15, 24, 26- 29). These tumors, which are mainly pituitary adenomas, trigeminal schwannomas, and hemangiomas, differ from meningiomas in their. Nasal tumour, abnormal growth in the nose. Tumours may be malignant or may remain localized and nonrecurrent. The nose is a common site for tumour growth in the upper respiratory tract because it is exposed to external weather conditions, as well as irritants in the air. Some nasal tumours aris
Benign Lung Tumors. A lung tumor is an abnormal rate of cell division or cell death in lung tissue or in the airways that lead to the lungs. Types of benign lung tumors include hamartomas, adenomas and papillomas. In almost all cases, benign lung tumors require no treatment, but your doctor will probably monitor your tumor for changes SUMMARY: Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor (IMT) is a rare tumor with a variable natural history and biologic behavior, ranging from completely benign to malignant with fatal outcome. We report a case of benign IMT in the left nasal cavity with radiologic features mimicking angiofibroma. We also demonstrate the hypervascular nature of this disease on angiography and the contribution of. Many benign brain tumors occur in adults. It is important to remember, however, that in the brain, benign tumors can be life-threatening if not treated successfully. Because of their benign histologic nature there is sometimes a tendency to undertreat them because of the fear of long-time side-effects, particularly the effects of radiation therapy 4. Classification of nasal cavity and PNS malignancies Benign Malignant 1.Epithelial • Schnederian papilloma • Squamous papilloma • Minor salivary gland tumors 2.Neuroectodermal • Ectopic pitutary adenoma • Paragangliomas • Meningioma 3
Osteoma of the paranasal sinuses is a common benign tumor, usually found incidentally. Epidemiology Osteomas are commonly found in patients undergoing imaging of the sinuses, appearing in up to 3% of CT examinations of the paranasal sinuses 1.. Sinus and skull base tumors are relatively common, but they can be benign (non-cancerous). Sinonasal cancers (malignant tumors) occur in approximately 1 in 500,000 to 1 in 1,000,000 people. 1 There are many types of sinus and skull base tumors, some of which can be quite complex Melanoma. This is a form of cancer of the pigmented cells of the skin of dogs, and like melanoma in people, these tumors are typically black or dark brown, Swanson says. Many skin masses are benign, but those in the mouth and at the nailbed can be very aggressive, she adds. In the case of the latter, the toe is typically swollen and may. nasal tumors, there is a variety of different techniques that can be used. These include vigorous nasal flushings in order to dislodge pieces of tumor or transnostril aspiration, a technique that passes a needle through the nostril into the tumor Any number of problems can be responsible for nasal or sinus problems. Sometimes symptoms of nasal congestion, nosebleeds, or facial pain and pressure may be a result of tumors of the nasal cavity or sinuses. A skull base tumor can be benign (noncancerous) or malignant (cancerous). Either way, it can place pressure on tissues and impair.
The tumor usually arises in the nasal cavities and the great majority of patients present with locally advanced tumors, including involvement of the orbit or anterior cranial fossa. Histologically, SNUC is made up of small to medium sized pleomorphic cells with a high nuclear-cytoplasmic ratio and high number of mitoses Although the tumor is benign, it can cause problems because of its size, causing loss of vision, loss of normal pituitary function (hypopituitarism) and/or headache or because of excessive hormone production by the tumor. vomiting, nasal stuffiness, and constipation). Cabergoline causes fewer side effects than bromocriptine. However, the. Common benign skin lesions of melanocytic origin include the ephilis, lentigo simplex, and melanocytic naevus (mole). Ephilides are genetically determined well-defined small brown macules with the following characteristics: 1-4 mm in diameter. Tan or brown colour. Located in areas exposed to the sun such as the face and forearms
Its Percepta genomic test aims to separate current and former smokers into groups with high and low risks for lung cancer, allowing those whose nodules are most likely benign to avoid additional. If your dog is showing symptoms of nose tumors he should be seen by a veterinarian as soon as possible. A tumor is a mass of tissue, which occurs when cells multiply and grow abnormally. The new abnormal growth of tissue grows faster than the normal tissue and forms a mass. Tumors can be benign (non-cancerous) or malignant (cancerous)
Extremely rare, benign, congenital, biphasic tumor with mixed epithelial and myoepithelial elements of midline nasopharynx Essential features Presents within first 6 weeks of life with a midline nasopharyngeal mass and symptoms related to airway / nasal obstruction ( Pediatrics 2003;112:e66 A noncancerous brain tumor is an unexpected cluster of abnormal cells in your brain.Most grow slowly. They can't spread to other parts of your body the way cancerous tumors do. But they can grow. Abstract. Nerve sheath tumours of the head and neck region mainly involve the eighth cranial nerve with only 4 per cent occurring in the paranasal sinuses. Only 32 cases of benign schwannomas occurring in the paranasal sinuses have been reported Benign tumors 1. BENIGN TUMORS OF OROFACIAL REGION 2. TYPES OF BENIGN TUMORS 1. ODONTOGENIC: These are derived from tooth forming elements. The more primitive the dental tissue found, the more aggressive the tumor and vice versa Only found in the jaws Locally aggressive and rarely malignant 2 Summary. Benign bone lesions are a heterogeneous group of slow-growing neoplasms that arise from cartilage or bone. They appear on x-ray as localized lesions with sharp margins and without soft tissue involvement. Surgical removal or curettage may be required to manage pain and/or prevent pathological fractures.. Overview of benign bone tumors. Benign bone tumors are usually asymptomatic and.
Benign Tumors. The large majority of benign tumors are very slow growing and remain localized to one area of the body, usually causing little harm. One Example of a Benign Canine Skin Tumor . Tumors of the nasal passages, which are generally slow growing and malignant Short description: Ben neo nasal cav/sinus. ICD-9-CM 212.0 is a billable medical code that can be used to indicate a diagnosis on a reimbursement claim, however, 212.0 should only be used for claims with a date of service on or before September 30, 2015. For claims with a date of service on or after October 1, 2015, use an equivalent ICD-10-CM code (or codes)
Nasal chondromesenchymal hamartoma (NCMH) is a rare nasal benign tumor, which arises from the nasal cavity or paranasal sinuses. In this article, we present a five-year-old male patient with rhabdomyosarcoma unity in remission that emerged with nasal obstruction Brain Tumor Staging. Basically, all brain tumors are considered localized unless they cross the midline or the tentorium or unless they are described as having drop metastases in the spinal cord.. There was a TNM staging for brain tumors in the fourth edition of the AJCC Manual for Staging of Cancer based heavily on the tumor grade, but this was withdrawn in subsequent editions
The tumor can also spread into the nasal cavity, causing its obstruction, in the latticed labyrinth through the trellis plate, affecting the olfactory nerves, and further towards the sphenoid sinus. The spread of the tumor along the posterior wall downwards and laterally causes its penetration into the retroxillary region and in the KNI 1. a benign or malignant tumor containing giant cells; see under carcinoma, granuloma, and sarcoma. 2. a bone tumor, ranging from benign to frankly malignant, composed of cellular spindle cell stroma containing multinucleated giant cells resembling osteoclasts Tumors or cancer of the NOSE. Definition (CSP) new abnormal nasal tissue that grows by excessive cellular division and proliferation more rapidly than normal and continues to grow after the stimuli that initiated the new growth cease; includes neoplasm of the external structure, through the nasal cavity, sinuses and up to the nasopharynx. Concepts Patient information: Monitoring and treatment of Barrett's esophagus. GERD, Barrett's Esophagus and the Risk for Esophageal Cancer. Head and Neck Cancer. Hypopharyngeal Cancer. Laryngeal Cancer. Lip and Oral Cavity Cancer. Metastatic Squamous Neck Cancer/Occult Primary. Nasopharyngeal Cancer